India has about 18 major languages and 844 different dialects.
Hindi is spoken by about 45 % of the population and is the national
language. However English has been kept as a language for official
communication (the linking language).
language of Assam and is spoken by nearly 60 percent of the State's
of the leading Indo-Aryan languages. The official language of West
Bengal. It developed as a language in the 13th century and is now
spoken by about 200 million people in West Bengal and Bangladesh.
official language of Gujarat and is spoken by 70 % of the State's
the biggest of the Indo-Aryan family and is the official language
of India. Hindi is also the official language in 6 states and union
state language of Karnataka and is spoken by 65 % of the state's
population. It belongs to the Dravidian family and dates back to
the 9th century as an independent language.
A language of the Indo-Aryan group and is often mistaken
as the state language of Jammu and Kashmir. Urdu is the state language
of Jammu and Kashmir. The Kashmiri speaking population of the state
comes to around 55%.
The official language of Goa, principally based on classical
Sanskrit and belongs to the southwestern branch of Indo-Aryans.
It is also spoken by thousands of Konkanis in Maharashtra, Karnataka
A branch of the Dravidian family. The official language
of Kerala. Malayalam developed as an independent language in the
10th century AD. It is the youngest of all developed languages in
the Dravidian family.
The Indic language dates back to the 13th century. It is
the official language of Maharashtra.
A branch of the Indo-Aryan family.The official language
of Orissa, where the Oriya speaking population are around 82% of
the total population.
Belongs to the Indo-Aryan family and is the official language
of the State of Punjab. Punjabi, though very ancient, turned literary
around the 15th Century. From the 19th Century, Punjabi showed vigorous
development in all branches of literature. It is written in Gurmukhi
script, created by the Sikh Guru, Angad.
Spoken by a great number of people. It belongs to the Indo-Aryan
family and preserved some of the archaic characteristics of the
The oldest of the Dravidian languages and it is the State
language of Tamil Nadu. Tamil literature goes back to Centuries
before the Christian era. It represents certain new literary types
that are not in Sanskrit or other Aryan languages. It spoken by
more than 73 million people.
A Dravidian language spoken by the people of Andhra Pradesh.
It is numerically the biggest linguistic unit in India. Telugu is
found to be recorded in the 7th Century AD.
The State language of Jammu and Kashmir and is spoken by
more than 28 million people In India. Urdu and Hindi have proceeded
from the same source i.e., Khariboli. Urdu is written in the Persio-Arabic
script and contains many words from the Persian language.