Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Capital
Port Blair
Population
Unknown
Area
8249 km²
Languages
Bengali, Hindi, Tamil,
Malayalam,
Nicobarese, Telugu

Best time to visit
All year round
Climate (°C)

Tropical at all times: 32 - 22 degrees
Humidity: 70% - 90%
Current Weather

Map Location

About

The Andaman & Nicobar Islands are located in the Bay of Bengal 1000 km off the east coast of India.They consist of 572 islands and streches over an area of more than 700 sq. kms. 372 of the islands are volcanic and only 37 are inhabited. Aboriginal tribes have lived on these islands since pre-historic times. The Andaman Islands is inhabited by tribes of Negrito origin, while the Nicobar Islands are inhabited by tribes of Mongloid origin. The first settlement of the British took place in 1789 & later in 1858 it became a penal settlement.

How to get here

By Air
Port Blair is connected with Chennai & Calcatta.

By Sea
Regular passenger ship go from Chennai, Calcatta & Vishakhapatanam to Port Blair. There are 3 - 4 sailings in a month from Calcatta & Chennai and once a month from Vishakhapatanam.

Permits

All foreigners need a permit to visit the Andaman Islands. The Nicobar Islands are only open to Indian nationals that are involved in research, or trade. You can obtain a permit to The Andamans either from the Foreigners' Registration Office in Chennai or Kolkata or you can apply for it when you arrive in Port Blair (you must do this immideatley when you arrive though).

People & culture

People of all faiths and religions live peacefully together on these islands. Marriage between races and religions are quite common. The indigenous people are only about 10% of the total population. They are the Onge, Sentinelese, Andamanese, Shompen and Nicobarese.

Places to visit

Port Blair -Havelock Island - Neil Island - Ross Island - Long Islands - Barren Island - Viper Island

Port Blair
Is the capital Of Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Not a place to hang around, but a good starting point to get supplies for exploring the other islands. Port blair is also where both flights and ferries arrive, so most people need to pass through here.

Havelock Island
An island situated about 57 kilometer North East of Port Blair. This island is the most visited by tourists. It is beautiful with perfect white beaches, turquoise waters and coral reefs with lot of marine life. The waters here are ideal for snorkeling & scuba diving. In the surrounding forests you also can find elephants. They were once brought to the island to work.

Neil Island
Situated 36 kilometer East of Port Blair. The island's green forest and sandy beaches make it an ideal holiday destination for tourists. Each beach has a number. The beach west of the village is popular with campers. It is also possible to put up a tent on the beach.

Ross Island
Once developed as the administrative headquarters by the British. It had beautiful lawns, clubhouses, swimming pools, tennis courts and a majestic church in the middle. It used to be called Paris of the East. However it is all ruins now, destroyed by an earthquake in 1941. A small museum displays pictures of its old beauty. It is open every day except Wednesday. This island can be explored by foot. There are ferries to and from the island from Phoenix Bay Jetty.

Long Islands
82 kilometer from Port Blair. Home to a fantastic beach at Lalaji Bay. It also has evergreen forests, coconut plantations and a unpolluted atmosphere which makes it a perfect destination.

Barren Island
Containing India's only active volcano. It erupted in 1991, after 177 years and then again in 1994. Visiting the island is not allowed, but you can watch the volcano from a boat.

Viper Island
The British used to harbour convicts here. Dangerous convicts found guilty of breaking the rules of the Penal Settlement, were put in chains and forced to work with their chains on. Freedom fighters like Nanigopal and Nandlal Pulindas, who had resorted to hunger strike at the Cellular Jail, were imprisoned at Viper Island. Due to the working conditions, the jail earned the name Viper Chain Gang Jail. You can still see the remains of it. You need yo hire a private boat or take a cruise to get to this island.



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