Arunachal Pradesh

1, 091, 117
83,750 km²
Monpa, Miji, Aka, Sherdukpen, Hindi, Adi, Assamese, Bengali
and English

Buddhism is the major religion in the state.
Best time to visit
October to April
Climate (°C)
Summer: 40 - 18 degrees
Winter: 12 - 5 degrees
Map Location
Click here


Arunachal Pradesh is bordered on the south by Assam state, on the west by Bhutan, on the north and northeast by China and on the east by Myanmar. Is a sparsely populated mountainous area in the extreme northeastern part of the subcontinent.

Once described as the "Hidden Land" it has now opened its doors to outsides. This ancient land is mentioned in the early literature such as the Kalika Purana, the Mahabharata and Ramayana. It was here that Parasuram washed away his sins, Vyasa meditated, Bhismaka founded his kingdom, lord Krishna married his consort, Rukmini. The 6th Dalai Lama was born in Arunachal Pradesh.

How to get here

The nearest airport is Lilabari (North Lakhimpur) in Assam, 57 kms from Naharlagun and 67 kms from Itanagar, served by Vayudoot. Indian Airlines operates direct flight from Calcutta to Tezpur

The nearest railway station is Harmuty (near Banderdewa check gate) only 23 km from Naharlagun & 33 km from Itanagar. However nearest convenient railhead is North Lakhimpur in Assam, 50 km from Naharlagun & 60 km from Itanagar.

Arunachal Pradesh State Transport Corpn. operates regular bus services to various places in Arunachal Pradesh and its neighbouring states.

Places to visit

Itanagar - Bhismaknagar - Malinithan - Parashuram Kund - Tawang Monastery - Namdapha Wild life Sanctury - Tippi Orchid Centre - Akashiganga

.: Itanagar
It is located to the east of Tawang and has been identified with Mayapur, a city of the 14th or 15th century A.D. It's India's largest northeastern state and also the most remote. And this is the beauty and the wonder and the compelling fascination of unknown Arunachal Pradesh.

Arunachal Pradesh is the land of 'Dawn-lit-Mountains'

.: Bhismaknagar
Bhismaknagar fort, located nearly 30 km from Roing is tentatively dated to 8 century and is recorded as the oldest archaeological site in the region. It lies in Dibang Valley district. Asacred heritage of the Idu Mishmis. It is a symbol of past glory and indicate the high standard of civilisation that once prevailed around Bhismaknagar. Bhismaknagar must have been a strong hold of the Chutiyas, but the excavations has been throwing new light on its much earlier antiquities.

.: Malinithan
Situated at Likabali is a place of great devotement, associated with the legend of Lord Krishna. The legend behind the place is that Krishna and Rukmini rested here on their way from Bhismakanagar to Dwarka and they were offered very fine flowers by Parvati.Krishna pleased with the offering praised Parvati and addressed her as Malini-Mistress of Garland. It is believed that, the place came to be known as Malinithan since then. It is a temple site in ruins.

A series of diggings from 1968 until 1971, unearthed the beautifully designed basement of the temple, valuable sculptures of Indra and Airavata, Surya, Nandi Bull and other divine images, animal motifs and floral designs, carved columns and panels.The fame of Malinithan as a holy place of worship draws a large number of visitors and piligrims.

.: Parashuram Kund
A a famous pilgrimage centre 21km north east of Tezu. It is a shrine of all-India importance located in the lower reaches of the river Lohit. Thousands of pilgrims, visit the place in winter every year, especially on the Makara Sankranti day for a holy dip in the sacred kund which is believed to wash away one's sins.

.: Tawang Monastery
Famous for its 400 year old Buddhist monastery.The monastery was founded by a monk, Mera Lama, a contemporary of the fifth Dalai Lama. Before the establishment of the Monastery, Tawang was a centre of Tantric religion. The Tawang Monastery is also known as the ‘Galden Namgyal Lhatse’.

Tawang predominantly a Buddhist centre appears as the last link with the civilization with its modern sloped houses, a thriving bazaar, satellite communication and all the other amenities of modern life.Beyond it lies the forbidden land of Tibet to the north, connected by the Bum La and Tulung La passes.

.: Namdapha Wild life Sanctury
Situated in the Changlang district, the park covers a range of altitudes from 200 to 4500 metres. It is the home of the rare Hoolock Gibbon. An unique feature of the park is that it is the only one park in the world in which four of the great felines are found viz., the tiger, the leopard, the snow leopard and the clouded leopard. It is also an ideal for trekking and hiking.

.: Tippi Orchid Centre
On the banks of the Bharali river at an altitude of 190 meters is Tipi, an orchidarium with more than 7500 orchids, such as the Dainty Lady's Slipper or Dendrobium. Scientists here are creating new hybrid species employing the latest techniques of biotechnology.Tipi is ideal for angling and rafting on the river Kameng.

.: Akashiganga
Akashiganga is believed to be associated with the legend of Parvati narrated in the 8th century Kalika Purana. It is said that Lord Shankar roamed in the sky with the dead body of Parvati (Sati). To bring him out of attachment for the dead body Lord Vishnu using his 'Sudarshan Chakra' cut the body into pieces. During this process it is said that her head fell somewhere in the area which is 12 Km from Malinithan towards Along in West Siang District. This place is called Akashiganga and is very popular as a sacred place. There is a temple near the road. From there one has to go down 100 meters down through a spiral path, where a sparkling object can be seen in the 'Kund' but on going more down the object is invisible. Devotees take bath in this kund.

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