Assam

Capital
Guwahati
Population
25 million
Areal
78,438 km²
Languages
Assamese, English, Hindi
and Bengali

Religion
Hinduism, Islamism, Christianity
Best time to visits
October to April
Climate (°C)
Summer : 30 degrees
Winter: 15 degrees

About

Assam is bordered in the North and East by the Kingdom of Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh, along the south lies Nagaland, Manipur and to the extreme South lies Mizoram. Meghalaya lies to the South West. Bengal to the East. Many call it a land of magic. Some call it a green paradise. As the most vibrant part of the North Eastern India, Assam combines so many and such varied passions and beauties that one has to take a pause to let it all sink in. It is wonderful place to live and to celebrate the colourful festivals of all seasons.

How to get here

Air
The Lokapriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport of Guwahati airport is well connected by air with New Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai.

Rail
There are train services from Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Cochin & Thiruvanantapuram.

Bus
State Transport Express and Super Express buses of Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal , Nagaland and North Bengal depart from Guwahati.

People

The Assamese are a mixture of Mongolian-Tibetan, Aryan, and Burman ethnic origins. Their language is akin to Bengali, spoken in West Bengal and in Bangladesh. Since the late 19th century a vast number of immigrants from Bangladesh have entered the valley, where they have settled to cultivate the almost empty lands, particularly the low floodplains. The hilly margins of the plain are inhabited by the hill tribes of the Garo, Khasi, and Hajong. The Bodo are the largest minority group in Assam and are concentrated in the northern areas of the Brahmaputra River valley.

Places to visit

Guwahati - Haflong - Kaziranga National Park - Manas National Park - Majuli River Island - Sualkuchi

.: Guwahati
Once known as "Pragiyotishpura" or Light of the East, the most striking feature of Guwahati, is the Brahmaputra, whose swollen sandy channel is so wide that the far shore is often rendered invisible. Of its many mysterious temples, 'Kamakhya' and 'Navagraha' both occupy ommanding positions on hilltops while 'Umananda' sits on a small island in the middle of the Brahmaputra.

Once known as "Pragiyotishpura" or Light of the East, the most striking feature of Guwahati, is the Brahmaputra, whose swollen sandy channel is so wide that the far shore is often rendered invisible.

.: Haflong
Up on the rugged terrains stands Assam’s only hill station Haflong.It is the district head quarters of North Cachar Hill District. Haflong is a friendly place with a mixed population of Hmar, Mizo and Naga people.

.: Kaziranga National Park
Located on the banks of the mighty Brahmaputra River in the far North East of India, Assam, Kaziranga National Park covers an area of pproximately 430 sq km with its swamps and tall thickets of elephant grass making it the ideal habitat for the Indian One-Horned Rhino. It is also home to other wildlife; elephant, Asiatic buffalo, Indian bison, swamp deer, sambar, hog deer, sloth bear, tiger, leaopard, leopard cat, jungle cat, hog badger, capped langur, hoolock gibbon, jackel, goose, hornbill.

.: Manas National Park
The Manas Reserve, located in the foothills of the Bhutan hills, far from human habitation, is a world in itself. Over 2840 sq. km. in area, Manas is a fascinating tiger reserve. The Manas River flowing through the Parkdemarcates the border between India and Bhutan. It is a World Heritage site. Rare wildlife like hispid hare, pygmy hog, golden langur, rhinoceros, Asiatic buffalo can also be seen here.

.: Majuli River Island
Assam is famous for two river islands; Majuli the largest and Umananda the smallest in the world. Majuli, situated in the midst of river Brahmaputra, is the center of Vaishnava culture. The major sattras or the Vaishnava monasteries like Kamalabari, Natun Kamalabari, Garmur, Samoguri, Auniati, Dakhinpat and Bengenaati all are situated in Majuli. These sattras are regarded as the main centers for Assamese art, music, dance, drama, handicrafts, literature and religion etc.

.: Sualkuchi
Assam's silk industries are located here. Known as Muga (golden) and Pat (white) silk, it is exported to Japan and other countries. Karnataka silk is also used here to manufacture various varieties of silk products.

 



 
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