Assamese, English, Hindi
Hinduism, Islamism, Christianity
Best time to visits
October to April
Summer : 30 degrees
Winter: 15 degrees
Assam is bordered in the North and East by the Kingdom of Bhutan and
Arunachal Pradesh, along the south lies Nagaland, Manipur and to the extreme
South lies Mizoram. Meghalaya lies to the South West. Bengal to the East.
Many call it a land of magic. Some call it a green paradise. As the most
vibrant part of the North Eastern India, Assam combines so many and such
varied passions and beauties that one has to take a pause to let it all
sink in. It is wonderful place to live and to celebrate the colourful
festivals of all seasons.
How to get here
The Lokapriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport of Guwahati airport
is well connected by air with New Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai.
There are train services from Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore,
Cochin & Thiruvanantapuram.
State Transport Express and Super Express buses of Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal
, Nagaland and North Bengal depart from Guwahati.
The Assamese are a mixture of Mongolian-Tibetan, Aryan, and Burman ethnic
origins. Their language is akin to Bengali, spoken in West Bengal and
in Bangladesh. Since the late 19th century a vast number of immigrants
from Bangladesh have entered the valley, where they have settled to cultivate
the almost empty lands, particularly the low floodplains. The hilly margins
of the plain are inhabited by the hill tribes of the Garo, Khasi, and
Hajong. The Bodo are the largest minority group in Assam and are concentrated
in the northern areas of the Brahmaputra River valley.
Places to visit
Guwahati - Haflong - Kaziranga National Park -
Manas National Park - Majuli River Island - Sualkuchi
Once known as "Pragiyotishpura" or Light of the East, the most
striking feature of Guwahati, is the Brahmaputra, whose swollen sandy
channel is so wide that the far shore is often rendered invisible. Of
its many mysterious temples, 'Kamakhya' and 'Navagraha' both occupy ommanding
positions on hilltops while 'Umananda' sits on a small island in the middle
of the Brahmaputra.
Once known as "Pragiyotishpura" or Light
of the East, the most striking feature of Guwahati, is the Brahmaputra,
whose swollen sandy channel is so wide that the far shore is often rendered
Up on the rugged terrains stands Assam’s only hill station Haflong.It
is the district head quarters of North Cachar Hill District. Haflong is
a friendly place with a mixed population of Hmar, Mizo and Naga people.
.: Kaziranga National Park
Located on the banks of the mighty Brahmaputra River in the far North
East of India, Assam, Kaziranga National Park covers an area of pproximately
430 sq km with its swamps and tall thickets of elephant grass making it
the ideal habitat for the Indian One-Horned Rhino. It is also home to
other wildlife; elephant, Asiatic buffalo, Indian bison, swamp deer, sambar,
hog deer, sloth bear, tiger, leaopard, leopard cat, jungle cat, hog badger,
capped langur, hoolock gibbon, jackel, goose, hornbill.
.: Manas National Park
The Manas Reserve, located in the foothills of the Bhutan hills, far from
human habitation, is a world in itself. Over 2840 sq. km. in area, Manas
is a fascinating tiger reserve. The Manas River flowing through the Parkdemarcates
the border between India and Bhutan. It is a World Heritage site. Rare
wildlife like hispid hare, pygmy hog, golden langur, rhinoceros, Asiatic
buffalo can also be seen here.
.: Majuli River Island
Assam is famous for two river islands; Majuli the largest and Umananda
the smallest in the world. Majuli, situated in the midst of river Brahmaputra,
is the center of Vaishnava culture. The major sattras or the Vaishnava
monasteries like Kamalabari, Natun Kamalabari, Garmur, Samoguri, Auniati,
Dakhinpat and Bengenaati all are situated in Majuli. These sattras are
regarded as the main centers for Assamese art, music, dance, drama, handicrafts,
literature and religion etc.
Assam's silk industries are located here. Known as Muga (golden) and Pat
(white) silk, it is exported to Japan and other countries. Karnataka silk
is also used here to manufacture various varieties of silk products.