1 73 877 km²
Hinduism, Christianity, Islamism
Time to visit
October to March.
Summer : 43 - 21 degrees
Winter: 20 - 6 degrees
Bihar is like a jewel in the crown of India. It's a land affluent in
natural beauty, whispering forests, sparkling lakes, peaceful hill resorts,
majestic forts and palaces. It is located in the eastern part of India
with the Himalayan Kingdom of Nepal to its north and the states of Orissa,
West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh flanking its sides. The
state is equipped with an excellent mineral resource base, has some of
the finest industries and 's one of the largest producers of fruit and
the second largest producer of vegetables in India. However, this rich
state in terms of natural and human resources and the second most populous
in the country has been slow to harness its natural and human resources
for the development of the state and its people.
How to get here
Flights connect Patna with Bombay, Calcutta, Delhi, Lucknow, Ranchi.
Connected by rail to Bombay, Calcutta, Guwahati, Ranchi, Varanasi.
Regular direct bus services connect Patna to Calcutta, Rajgir, Nalanda,
Pawapuri, Vaishali, Gaya-Bodhgaya, Ranchi, Raxaul, Muzzafarpur, Sasaram.
Hospitality to strangers, self respect and devotion to work are some
of the characteristics of Biharis. There are tribal as well as non-tribal
people in the state. The non-triabl are usually in the northand the tribal
in the south. The non-tribal group belong to various castes, some of them
are: kayasthas, bhumihars, rajputs, and the so-called backward castes
- yadavs, koeris, musahars, chamars, and others. The aboriginees (tribals)
belong to various tribes, among which are: santhals, mundas, oraons, and
Regarding physical appearance of the people, the non-tribals or people
of the north have smooth features with comparatively and generally a fairer
complexion. The tribals are negroid in feature and are relatively shorter
Places to visit
Patna - Ranchi - Vaishali - Bodhgaya
Patna, once called Pataliputra the capital of Bihar, is among the world's
oldest capital cities with unbroken history of many centuries as imperial
metropolis. A very fertile arched stretch of land along the bank of the
Ganga, the history and heritage of modern day Patna goes back well over
two millennia. Like Delhi, Patna too had been the regal seat of governance
for successive kingdoms since ancient times.
This erstwhile summer capital of Bihar is 676 m in altitude and is a beautiful
hill station. There. are beautiful water falls around, with lilting names
like Hundru, Jonha, Dasamghagh and Himi. Other landmarks are a Shiva temple
on a hill top with Ranchi lake at the foot of the hill, and Morabadi hill
and Tagore hill.
"Bihar" is derived from the word "Vihara"
which means Buddhist Monasteries. At one time in history these "viharas"
were all scattered over the landscape of Bihar.
Vaishali today is a small village surrounded by banana and mango groves
and rice fields. But excavations in the area have brought to light an
impressive historical past. The epic Ramayana tells the story of the heroic
King Vishal who ruled here. Historians maintain that one of the world's
first democratic republics with an elected assembly of representatives
flourished here in the 6th century B.C. in the time of the Vajjis and
the Lichhavis. And while Pataliputra, capital of the Mauryas and the Guptas,
held political sway over the Gangetic plain, Vaishali was a rich centre
for trade and industry.
Bodhgaya is one of the sacred places for the Buddhists as well as for
the Hindus. Here under the Bodhi Tree, Gautama attained supreme knowledge
to become Budhha, the `Enlighted One'. They believe they will reach heaven
if his last rites are offered under the celebrated ’Akshayabat’
or immortal banyan tree, standing in the yard of Vishnupad temple. Believed
to be built on the footsteps of Vishnu, the grand temple was renovated
by Ahalyabai, queen of Indore.