86 million
1 73 877 km²

Hinduism, Christianity, Islamism
Time to visit
October to March.
Climate (°C)
Summer : 43 - 21 degrees
Winter: 20 - 6 degrees


Bihar is like a jewel in the crown of India. It's a land affluent in natural beauty, whispering forests, sparkling lakes, peaceful hill resorts, majestic forts and palaces. It is located in the eastern part of India with the Himalayan Kingdom of Nepal to its north and the states of Orissa, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh flanking its sides. The state is equipped with an excellent mineral resource base, has some of the finest industries and 's one of the largest producers of fruit and the second largest producer of vegetables in India. However, this rich state in terms of natural and human resources and the second most populous in the country has been slow to harness its natural and human resources for the development of the state and its people.

How to get here

Flights connect Patna with Bombay, Calcutta, Delhi, Lucknow, Ranchi.

Connected by rail to Bombay, Calcutta, Guwahati, Ranchi, Varanasi.

Regular direct bus services connect Patna to Calcutta, Rajgir, Nalanda, Pawapuri, Vaishali, Gaya-Bodhgaya, Ranchi, Raxaul, Muzzafarpur, Sasaram.


Hospitality to strangers, self respect and devotion to work are some of the characteristics of Biharis. There are tribal as well as non-tribal people in the state. The non-triabl are usually in the northand the tribal in the south. The non-tribal group belong to various castes, some of them are: kayasthas, bhumihars, rajputs, and the so-called backward castes - yadavs, koeris, musahars, chamars, and others. The aboriginees (tribals) belong to various tribes, among which are: santhals, mundas, oraons, and others.

Regarding physical appearance of the people, the non-tribals or people of the north have smooth features with comparatively and generally a fairer complexion. The tribals are negroid in feature and are relatively shorter in stature

Places to visit

Patna - Ranchi - Vaishali - Bodhgaya

.: Patna
Patna, once called Pataliputra the capital of Bihar, is among the world's oldest capital cities with unbroken history of many centuries as imperial metropolis. A very fertile arched stretch of land along the bank of the Ganga, the history and heritage of modern day Patna goes back well over two millennia. Like Delhi, Patna too had been the regal seat of governance for successive kingdoms since ancient times.

.: Ranchi
This erstwhile summer capital of Bihar is 676 m in altitude and is a beautiful hill station. There. are beautiful water falls around, with lilting names like Hundru, Jonha, Dasamghagh and Himi. Other landmarks are a Shiva temple on a hill top with Ranchi lake at the foot of the hill, and Morabadi hill and Tagore hill.

"Bihar" is derived from the word "Vihara" which means Buddhist Monasteries. At one time in history these "viharas" were all scattered over the landscape of Bihar.

.: Vaishali
Vaishali today is a small village surrounded by banana and mango groves and rice fields. But excavations in the area have brought to light an impressive historical past. The epic Ramayana tells the story of the heroic King Vishal who ruled here. Historians maintain that one of the world's first democratic republics with an elected assembly of representatives flourished here in the 6th century B.C. in the time of the Vajjis and the Lichhavis. And while Pataliputra, capital of the Mauryas and the Guptas, held political sway over the Gangetic plain, Vaishali was a rich centre for trade and industry.

.: Bodhgaya
Bodhgaya is one of the sacred places for the Buddhists as well as for the Hindus. Here under the Bodhi Tree, Gautama attained supreme knowledge to become Budhha, the `Enlighted One'. They believe they will reach heaven if his last rites are offered under the celebrated ’Akshayabat’ or immortal banyan tree, standing in the yard of Vishnupad temple. Believed to be built on the footsteps of Vishnu, the grand temple was renovated by Ahalyabai, queen of Indore.

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