Hindi and Pahari
t ime to visit
September to March
Summer: 38 - 22 degrees
Winter: 15 - 0 degrees
in the Himalayas, the world's mightiest mountain ranges, Himachal
is blessed with some of the most spectacular landscapes anywhere.
Located North West, in the lap of the Great Himalayas. Bordered
by Jammu & Kashmir in the North, Punjab in the West, Haryana
and Uttar Pradesh in the South and Tibet in the East. This beautiful
state is divided into two parts Southern and Northern Himachal.
The southern Himachal l is as hot as plain areas, where as upper
is Northern Himachal less hot in Summer and extreme cold and heavy
snow in Winter.
The land of eternal snow peaks - takes in the transition zone from
the plains to the high Himalaya and in the trans-Himalayan region
of Lahaul and Spiti, actually crosses that mighty barrier to the
Tibetan plateau. The Kullu valley, with its developed and tourist-oriented
economy, can be considered the backbone of the state.
How to get here
There are 3 airports.
- Kangra airport at Gaggal
- Shimla airport at Jubbar Hatti
- Kullu airport at Bhuntar
All trains to Jammu pass through Pathankot station. From Pathankot
there are direct trains to Delhi, Bombay, Calcutta, Varanasi, Madras,
Banglore, Gujarat and Rajasthan.From Kalka there are direct trains
to Delhi, Bombay, Calcutta and other parts of India.
Almost each and every part of the state is linked by roads. The
Himachal Road Transport Corporation is running its buses covering
the whole state.
Places to visit
Dharamshala -McLeod Ganj - Manali - Kangra
- Shimla - Pin Valley National Park - Spiti - Kullu
Dharamshala is the district headquarter of Kangra district.
This is a hill station lying on the spur of the Dhauladhar range
about 18kms. north east of Kangra town.
The land of eternal snow peaks!
.: McLeod Ganj
This is actually the upper part of Dharamshala. Best known as the
headquarters of the Tibetan government in exile. Home to his holiness
The Dalai Lama. It is one of the most popular Himalayan destinations
for foreign tourists.
Manali derived its name from Manavalaya; the abode of Manu. According
to myth, Manu the divine law-giver, was the only survivor of the
Mahajal Pralay - the great flood - and is said to have fathered
the human race. Manali still maintains its charm and beauty. With
the majestic grandeur of the Himalayas on one side, river Beas cutting
across the town, green valleys with rolling meadows and grazing
herds dotting the hillsides. Experience the local color and beauty
in Kullu-Manali's temples, villages and the vibrant and festive
mood of the people and their colorful clothes and handicrafts. Experience
adventure in the form of trekking trails and routes or rafting down
the Beas. Discover for yourself the Kullu Valley, going upto the
Rohtang Pass at 13050 feet and encompassing the beautiful Manal.
The Kangra valley is one of the most picturesque valley of lower
Himalyas. The valley, sheltered by the sublime Dhauladhar range,
is green and luxuriant. It provides a tremendous contrast in nature
of places to be visited. Dharamshala is full of Buddhist air whereas
ancient Hindu Temples like Brajeshwari, Baijnath, Jawalamukhi and
Chamunda Devi dot the country side.
The British called Shimla the "Queen of Hill Stations."
Situated in the north-West Himalayas, Shimla the summer capital
of India before independence is now the capital of Himachal Pradesh.
Shimla derives its name from "Shyamala", the goddess Kali,
whose temple existed in the forest that covered Jakhu Hill in the
early 19th century. The English named it Simla. Shimla is well connected
by air, road and rail with all parts of Himachal Pradesh and the
A narrow-railway links Kalka with Shimla. This important rail-link
was built in 1924 and its "toy trains" still ply between
the two stations, passing through 105 tunnels and beautiful rail-road
stations. The climate of Shimla varies from a maximum of 10-11 degrees
in winter to a maximum of 25-26 degrees in summers.
.: Pin Valley National Park
Declared a National Park in 1987, Pin Valley is located in the cold
desert region of the Spiti valley. With its snow laden unexplored
higher reaches and slopes, the Park forms a natural habitat for
a number of endangered animals including the Snow Leopard and Siberian
Ibex. The elevation of the Park ranges from about 3,500 m near Ka
Dogri to more than 6,000 m at its highest point.
Because of its high altitude and extreme temperatures, the vegetation
in thearea is scant and mostly dominated by alpine trees, patches
of Himalayan cedar and smatterings of several medicinal plants.
In summer, flowers decorate the valley with startling hues. Along
with animals, rare birds like the Himalayan Snowcock, Chukor, Snow
Partridge and the Tibet Snow Finch also flourish in the area.Steeped
in history, the influence of Tibetan culture is prevalent in the
surrounding areas of the Park, visible in the Buddhist lamas, shrines,
monasteries and culture of its residents.
The valley of Monasteries. Monasteries like Tabo, Gulling, Dhankar
and Kye Monastery are located in this valley. Also called "Little
Tibet" because it has almost the same terrain, vegetation &
climate . Spiti also means "Middle Country". It lies between
Tibet, Ladakh, Kinnaur, Lahaul & Kulu. Some inhabitants have
adopted Budhism as there faith and Bhoti is the spoken language.
The people are simple and honest. The main Spiti valley is split
into eastern and western valleys. They are connected with Ladakh
& Tibet on eastern side & Kinnaur and Kulu on western side
through high passes.
Kullu was once known as Kulanthpitha - 'the end of the habitable
world'. Beyond rose the forbidding heights of the Greater Himalayas
and by the banks of the shining river Beas, lay the fabled 'Silver
Valley'. Here is the core of an complex web of numerous valleys
- each of which is a visual delight and seems more beautiful than
the other. The Kullu valley have always been a popular place to
hang out and take in mountain scenery.