Jammu & Kashmir
Srinagar (Summer Capital)
Jammu (Winter capital)
Hindi, Kashmiri, Urdu,
time to visit
May to September
March - June:Warm
July - September: Monsoon
October - February: Cool
Map Location (www.multimap.com)
Jammu Kashmir is the first Himalayan state of India, but its not
another hill land of India. It consists of 3 regions: the plains
of Jammu, the lakes and valleys of Kashmir and the high plains and
mountains of Ladakh. Kashmir is famous for its natural beauty and
has often been referred to as the 'Switzerland of the East'. The
heart of the area is the fertile Vale of Kashmir, which lies between
the Himalayas and the Pir Panjal mountain range.
This state is the jewel in the crown of India. Muslims and the
Buddhists have lived together in peace for many ears here. The land
that is famous for its shikaras and the tribal locals; the land
that is famous for its snow and greenery and the land that is also
famous for its food and more recently the militancy in the region.
The Mughals loved it, the British developed it and the Indians treasure
Kashmir has been the key to the dispute between India and Pakistan
since their independence from the British in 1947. Each country
claims Kashmir as a part of its territory. As a result of a rebellion
in 1947 and the subsequent wars between India and Pakistan over
Kashmir, the area is separated by a Line-of-Control. To the east
of the LOC lies the vale of Kashmir, Jammu and Ladakh which are
administered by India. To the west lies the area now known as 'Azad
Kashmir' which is governed by its own government with strong ties
Since 1989 the controversy over Kashmir has taken a violent turn
in the valley; the Kashmiri people themselves have taken up arms
against the Indian occupation. India is now deploying more than
700,000 troops in the valley to crush the Freedom Movement.
Travellers are advised NOT to travel to the western part of Jammu
& Kashmir state, Jammu, Srinagar and the Kashmir Valley and
Kishtwar in the Zanskar region. Foreign travellers have been targeted
by Kashmiri separatist groups and several have been kidnapped or
How to get here
There are direct flights to Srinagar from Delhi via Jammu.
The nearest railstation for Srinagar is Jammu, from here there are
trains to Delhi.
Buses run to most places both interstate and out of state.
Places to visit
Kashmir Valley - Jammu - Ladakh - Dal Lake-
.: Kashmir Valley
Kashmir is one of india’s most beautiful and touristically
popular regions and has been since the time of the great Moghul
emperors. It’s probably most famous for the houseboats on
picturesque Dal Lake you’ve not really been to Kashmir until
you’ve not really been to Kashmir until you’ve stayed
on one - but there’s a lot more to the Kashmir Valley than
just lazing on board.
Truly a paradise on earth!
Jammu, the second largest town in the state of Jammu and Kashmir,
and is situated 290-km from capital city of Srinagar on the south-eastern
slopes of the Shiwalik range. In winter it becomes the headquarters
of the Jammu & Kashmir administration and many Kashmiris move
here for the winter because the temperature drops.
Ladakh's landscape has more in common with the lunar landscape than
any other place on earth. Being in a complete rainshadow region,
cut off from the monsoon clouds by the Great Himalaya and a host
of subsidiary ranges, it is a cold high altitude desert where the
wind, water from the minimal winter snows, and chemical reactions
within the rocks themselves, have carved a fantastic, sometimes
.: Dal Lake
The Kashmir valley is gifted with exotic natural beauty of landscape
and lakes, the most famous are Dal Lake. Dal Lake is one of the
most beautiful lakes of India and the second largest in the state.
Its 3 sides are surrounded by grand mountains and a large number
of gardens and orchards have been laid along the shores. The campus
of University of Kashmir is also located along the shores of the
lake. Dal Lake is unique in having hundreds of houseboats, which
afford an opportunity to tourists to reside on the lake in an atmosphere
of peace and tranquility.
The summer capital is located in the center of Kashmir valley. This
beautiful city tells the story of the love of the Mughal emperors.
It possess deep green rice fields and river bridges, gardens and
flowers and lakes filled with houseboats.