Jammu & Kashmir

Srinagar (Summer Capital)
Jammu (Winter capital)
12 million
222,236 km²
Hindi, Kashmiri, Urdu,
Ladhakhi, Digri

Best time to visit
May to September
Climate (°C)
March - June:Warm
July - September: Monsoon
October - February: Cool
Map Location (www.multimap.com)
Click here


Jammu Kashmir is the first Himalayan state of India, but its not another hill land of India. It consists of 3 regions: the plains of Jammu, the lakes and valleys of Kashmir and the high plains and mountains of Ladakh. Kashmir is famous for its natural beauty and has often been referred to as the 'Switzerland of the East'. The heart of the area is the fertile Vale of Kashmir, which lies between the Himalayas and the Pir Panjal mountain range.

This state is the jewel in the crown of India. Muslims and the Buddhists have lived together in peace for many ears here. The land that is famous for its shikaras and the tribal locals; the land that is famous for its snow and greenery and the land that is also famous for its food and more recently the militancy in the region. The Mughals loved it, the British developed it and the Indians treasure it.

Kashmir has been the key to the dispute between India and Pakistan since their independence from the British in 1947. Each country claims Kashmir as a part of its territory. As a result of a rebellion in 1947 and the subsequent wars between India and Pakistan over Kashmir, the area is separated by a Line-of-Control. To the east of the LOC lies the vale of Kashmir, Jammu and Ladakh which are administered by India. To the west lies the area now known as 'Azad Kashmir' which is governed by its own government with strong ties with Pakistan.

Since 1989 the controversy over Kashmir has taken a violent turn in the valley; the Kashmiri people themselves have taken up arms against the Indian occupation. India is now deploying more than 700,000 troops in the valley to crush the Freedom Movement.

Travellers are advised NOT to travel to the western part of Jammu & Kashmir state, Jammu, Srinagar and the Kashmir Valley and Kishtwar in the Zanskar region. Foreign travellers have been targeted by Kashmiri separatist groups and several have been kidnapped or killed.

How to get here

There are direct flights to Srinagar from Delhi via Jammu.

The nearest railstation for Srinagar is Jammu, from here there are trains to Delhi.

Buses run to most places both interstate and out of state.

Places to visit

Kashmir Valley - Jammu - Ladakh - Dal Lake- Srinagar

.: Kashmir Valley
Kashmir is one of india’s most beautiful and touristically popular regions and has been since the time of the great Moghul emperors. It’s probably most famous for the houseboats on picturesque Dal Lake you’ve not really been to Kashmir until you’ve not really been to Kashmir until you’ve stayed on one - but there’s a lot more to the Kashmir Valley than just lazing on board.

Truly a paradise on earth!

.: Jammu
Jammu, the second largest town in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, and is situated 290-km from capital city of Srinagar on the south-eastern slopes of the Shiwalik range. In winter it becomes the headquarters of the Jammu & Kashmir administration and many Kashmiris move here for the winter because the temperature drops.

.: Ladakh
Ladakh's landscape has more in common with the lunar landscape than any other place on earth. Being in a complete rainshadow region, cut off from the monsoon clouds by the Great Himalaya and a host of subsidiary ranges, it is a cold high altitude desert where the wind, water from the minimal winter snows, and chemical reactions within the rocks themselves, have carved a fantastic, sometimes grotesque, landscape.

.: Dal Lake
The Kashmir valley is gifted with exotic natural beauty of landscape and lakes, the most famous are Dal Lake. Dal Lake is one of the most beautiful lakes of India and the second largest in the state. Its 3 sides are surrounded by grand mountains and a large number of gardens and orchards have been laid along the shores. The campus of University of Kashmir is also located along the shores of the lake. Dal Lake is unique in having hundreds of houseboats, which afford an opportunity to tourists to reside on the lake in an atmosphere of peace and tranquility.

.: Srinagar
The summer capital is located in the center of Kashmir valley. This beautiful city tells the story of the love of the Mughal emperors. It possess deep green rice fields and river bridges, gardens and flowers and lakes filled with houseboats.


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