Orissa

Capital
Bhubaneshwar
Population
36,7 million
Area
155 840 km²
Languages
Oriya

Time to visit
November - March
Climate (°C)
June - September: Monsoon
January & February driest months, warm all year.

About

Orissa lies beneath Calcutta and has a coastline stretching all the way down to Andhra Pradesh. Inbetween lies sandy palmcovered beaches, nature, wildlife and religious art/architechture.The Bhubaneswar, Puri, Konark circuit, popularly known as the Golden Triangle of Eastern India, provides an ideal trip of exquisite architectural monuments and historical sites of Orissa.

Orissa, also known as The Soul of India, is a state that has been drenched in mystery for decades. It has now slowly started to show its secrets to the outside world. The state is scattered with temples and holy shrines. Puri, one of the 4 most holy cities in India is also located here. Numerous wildlife sanctuaries, stunning natural landscapes. Orissa is home to India's ancient civilization.

How to get here

Air
Nearest airport is Bhubaneswar (230 km) and Kolkata (314 km)

Rail
Nearest railhead is Balasore on the S. E. Railway served by a number of fast trains from Kolkata, New Delhi, Chennai, Puri, Tirupati, Bhubaneswar.

Road
Chandipur is well connected by an excellent a road. Regular bus services are available.

People

Most of the tribal people and much of the population in Orissa belong to the Australoid group in racial history, while most of the general population belong to the broadheaded Alpinoid type. Besides this, a sprinkling of Mediterranean type is found in the general population.

The southwestern part of Orissa contains the largest concentration of tribal people in the sub continent. There are more than 62 distinct tribal groups of indigenous people in Orissa. They have retained their tradition inspite of the onslaught of the modern civilization. They consist of more than 1/4 of the state's population. It is the largest collection of tribal people in a single state in the country.

Places to visit

Puri - Sri Jagannath Temple - Sun Temple at Konarak - Chilka Lake - Simlipal National Park

.: Puri
One of the 4 holiest Hindu pilgrimage places in India. It is said that one obtains 'moksha' from the cycle of birth and rebirth if one stays here for 3 days and nights. Puri is also one of the very few religious sites which combines the outdoor pleasures of sea and divine beaches with the religious sentiments of 'darshan'. Other than the attraction of its glorious beach, this city is a major pilgrim centre in India.

.: Sri Jagannath temple
The temple has contributed the word ‘Juggernaut’ to the English language. The fame of Puri is mainly due to this 12th century temple. The annual Rath Yatra is a massive tourist attraction. Within its area are the smaller temples of Vimala, Lakshmi, Vishnu and of innumerable gods and goddesses.

.: The Sun Temple (the Black Pagoda)
The Temple Chariot at Konarak of the Sun God (Black Pagoda is a 13th century architectural marvel. Designed as a celestial chariot of the Sun God, it sits on 12 pairs of wheels and is drawn by 7 strained horses. The Sun - God's chariot, also represents the 7 days of the week and the 24 hours of the day, in its concept. The temple is a brilliant chronicle in stone, with impressive sculptures. Every aspect of life is represented here.

Orissa, known as "The Soul of India", is a state that has been drenched in mystery for decades.

.: Bhubaneshwar
The capital of Orissa and one of the growing city of Eastern India, Bhubaneswar is a city of exotic temples.

.: Chilka Lake
The country’s largest inland lake. One of the many rocky islands inside the lake is Kalijai, with a temple for Goddess Kalijai. Dotted with islands, it is rich in aquatic fauna and is a bird watcher’s paradise when migratory birds arrive in winter. Sunset and Sunrise are memorable experiences here. One can view dolphins cavorting at Chilka mouth near Satpara. The Sakhi Gopal temple with a life-size image of Lord Krishna and the Artists' Village, Raghurajpur, are also nearby.

.: Simlipal National Park
Originated as a hunting ground for the royalty. It was formally designated a tiger reserve in 1956 under Project Tiger in May 1972. It was elevated to a national park status in 1979. Located in the Mayurbhanj district. Simlipal is an ecosystem complete with forest vegetation , fauna and the Santhal tribal settlements.



 
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