50 362 km²
Punjabi , Hindi and English
Best time to visit
October - March
Between 10 to 35
Punjab lies at the crossroads of the great civilizations of the
world. Historicaly the area west of Punjab was under the influence
of Persia, the east was the heart of the Indian civilization, the
south under the influence of the Arabs and the north under the Turko-Mongolian
influence. Many great religious movements grew in the fertile plains
of Punjab. They include Budhism, Sikhism and many schools of Sufi
thought in Islam. This ethnic and religous diversity is reflected
in the cultural mosaic of todays's Punjab.
India's independence from British rule in 1947, also saw the partitioning
of the country and the division of Punjab. Consequently, the state
was reorganised twice, and it was only in 1966, that the present
Indian state of Punjab came into being in its present form.
How to get here
Chandigarh is well connected by air with New Delhi. Indian Airlines
and Vayudoot operate regular flights.
Shatabdi Express runs daily between Chandigarh and New Delhi.
Buses ply frequently between Chandigarh and New Delhi, the trip
takes about 5 hours.
Places to visit
Amritsar - Golden temple - Wagha Border -
Harike Wildlife Sanctuary
The word Amritsar means the holy pool of nectar. 1573 Work began
on digging the holy pool. 1601 Harmandir Sahib completed. 1604 Guru
Granth Sahib installed. Alongside people representing 52 professions
settled. In Maharaja Ranjit Singh's time Amritsar had superceded
Lahore as the pre-eminent city of the Orient.
Amritsar is one of the most ancient and fascinating cities of India.
It is an important seat of Sikh history and culture. Being the gateway
for travellers coming to India on the overland route from central
Asia it soon became the centre of various commercial activities.Amritsar
has various historical and religious sites. The most famous of them
all in the Golden Temple which was founded by the fourth Guru of
Sikhs, Guru Ramdas and completed by his successor Guru Arjan Dev.
Punjab ('Panj Aab') is an Indo-Iranian word
meaning "the land of five rivers". Punjab lies at the
cross-roads of the great civilizations of the world.
.: Golden Temple
During Maharaja Ranjit Singh's reign the lower half of the temple
was decorated with marble while the entire upper half was inlaid
with copper covered over by gold plate, therefore its new name,
the Golden Temple. Free kitchen and recitation of the divine word
never cease here. Its four gates invite everyone from all directions.
.: Wagha Border
The enchanting spectacle of the beating retreat followed by the
change of guard in the evening within handshaking distance of the
Pakistan border drives attention to this place. The border, located
25 km from Amritsar City and near Attari village, draws thousands
of domestic and international tourists every year.
.: Harike Wildlife Sanctuary
Harike wetland, was initially developed with the purpose of storing
and providing irrigation and drinking water to parts of Southern
Punjab and adjoining state of Rajasthan. The construction of a barrage
at the confluence of Beej and Sutlej river gave the wetland its
constant water supply. Prior to this construction, the area was
primarily a marshy pond with aquatic vegetation and wildlife. The
wetland area is spread over a vast expanse of about 148sq.km and
is located approximately 55km south of Amritsar.