166 052 859
236 286 km²
Hindi, Urdu, English
time to visit
October - March
November to Mach:
45 - 20 Monsoon
Uttar Pradesh is India's 4th largest state covering about 9 percent
of total area of India and is the most populous state inIndia.This
holy-land of Ganga and Yamuna, and Chardham's-Badrinath, Haridwar,
Kedarnath and Rishikesh-where people come to discover a past but
end up with a future at last. It is a place of never - ending history
How to get here
Airports at Agra, Allahabad, Gorakhpur, Kanpur, Lucknow, Varanasi.
Rail & bus
All major town connected byt borth train and bus.
Places to visit
Taj Mahal (Agra)- Varanasi - Fathepur Sikri
- Allahabad - Lucknow - Ayodhya
Most known as the city of the Taj Mahal. But this royal Mughal city
has, in addition to the legendary Taj, many monuments that enlighten
the high point of Mughal architecture. In the Mughal period, in
the 16th and 17th centuries, Agra was the capital of India. It was
here that the founder of the dynasty, Babar, laid out the first
formal Persian garden on the banks of the river Yamuna. Here, Akbar,
his grandson raised the towering ramparts of the great Red Fort.
.: Taj Mahal
Located at the city of Agra,the Taj Mahal is one of the most beautiful
masterpieces of architecture in the world. Agra, situated about
200 km south of New Delhi, was the Capital of the Mughals (Moguls),
the Muslim Emperors who ruled Northern India between the 16th and
19th centuries. The Mughals were the descendents of two of the most
skilled warriors in history: the Turks and the Mongols. The Mughal
dynasty reached its highest strength and fame during the reign of
their early Emperors, Akbar, Jehangir and Shah Jehan.
It was Shah Jehan who ordered
the building of the Taj, in honor of his wife, Arjumand Banu who
later became known as Mumtaz Mahal,
"Chosen of the Palace". Mumtaz and Shah Jehan were married
in 1612 and, over the next 18 years, had 14 children together. The
Empress used to accompany her husband in his military campaigns
and it was in 1630, in Burhanpur, that she gave birth to her last
child, for she died in childbirth. So great was the Emperor love
to his wife that he ordered the building of the most beautiful mausoleum
on Earth for her.
It is undoubtly the most famous example of Mughal architecture.
Described by Rabindranath Tagore as "a tear on the face of
eternity". The tomb which is higher than a modern 20-storey
building took 22 years to complete with a workforce of 20,000. Craftsmen
from as far as Turkey came to join in the work. The marble was quarried
at Makrana near Jodhpur in Rajasthan. Precious stones were imported
from distant lands. A two mile ramp was built to lift material up
to the level of the dome. It is alleged that on its completion,
Shah Jahan ordered the right hand of the chief mason to be cut off
so that the masterpiece could never be recreated.
The Taj Mahal ranks as the most perfect building
in the world.
Also called Kashi by devoutees. It is said to have been founded
by Shiva, Lord of the Universe. One of the oldest living cities
in the world, and also one of the most important pilgrimage sites
in India. Varanasi (Benraes) is a major tourist attraction. Situated
on the banks of the sacred Ganges, the city has been a centre of
learning and civilisation for over 2000 years. It was at Sarnath,
only 10 km away from Varanasi, that the Buddha, first preached his
message of enlightenment, 25 centuries ago.
Varanasi derives its present name from the two tributaries of the
Ganga - Varuna and Asi - between which it is situated. According
to historians, the city was founded around ten centuries before
the birth of Christ. The city finds mention in holy scriptures like
'Vamana Purana', Buddhist texts and the 'Mahabharata'. The unique
relationship between the mighty Ganga and the city forms the essence
of Varanasi - 'the land of sacred light'.
.: Fathepur Sikri
The royal city at Fatehpur Sikri, situated 26 miles west of Agra,
was built at the orders of the Mughal Emperor Akbar. While Akbar
himself was illiterate, he took a keen interest in literature, architecture
and the arts. He is also reputed to be a very tolerant ruler and
the buildings at Fatehpur Sikri blended both Islamic and Hindu elements
in their architectural style. One of the buildings even reflects
the new sycretistic faith founded by Akbar, Din-e-ilahi, which though
very short-lived remains a matter of controversy. Fatehpur
Sikri is now a World Heritage site.
This city is considered to be one of the holiest cities of India
along with Varanasi as the confluence ("Sangam") is located
here. The Kumbh Mela, which is the world's largest fair, takes place
in this city every 12 years.
This city was the heart of the Indian freedom struggle against
the British Rule; with Anand Bhawan (the home of the Nehru family)
being the epicenter. It was in Allahabad that Mahatma Gandhi proposed
his program of non-violent resistance to liberate India. Allahabad
has provided the largest number of Prime Ministers to Post Independent
Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh, extends along the banks of
the River Gomti. The creator of Lucknow as it is today was Nawab
Asaf ud Daula. The city became known as a centre for Urdu poetry
and courtly diction and reached its peak during the reign of Wajid
Ali Shah who was a appreciator of music and poetry.
Located 7 km from Faizabad, Ayodhya is one of the 7 holiest pilgrim
centres of Hinduism. The Atharva Veda described Ayodhya as a city
built by gods and as prosperous as paradise. But today it is a small
dusty town with a great number of temples.